Eine wissensgeschichtliche Untersuchung zu Hamanns Anthropologie und Naturrechtsdenken Hamanns Anthropologie betont Freiheit und Selbstbestimmung. Dem entspricht die naturrechtliche These, dass Menschen keines äußeren Zwanges bedürfen und nur durch die 'Natur' verpflichtet werden.
Hamanns anthropological thinking examines the tensions between freedom and dependence. Man, though always shaped by a specific environment, is endowed with a capacity for self-determination. Correspondingly, Hamann has a normative answer to the question of man's nature and develops his own natural law theory: since man naturally loves himself and others, he does not need a superior authority to live in society. His duties are made known to him through 'nature' in the sense of creation and a normative instance. Important to Hamann is the idea of revelation, in 'nature' and scripture, because he does not believe in a purely intellectual apprehension of values.